Tundra winters are long, dark, and cold, with temperatures below freezing for most months of the year.
There is a layer of permanently frozen ground below the surface of the tundra, called permafrost.


Between -30 and 63 degrees Fahrenheit.
The tundra is the coldest of the biomes.


Almost no trees due to short growing season and permafrost; lichens, mosses, grasses, sedges, and shrubs.


Regions south of the Arctic, North America, Europe, and Siberia.


Low. Average yearly rainfall is between 6 to 10 inches per year including melted snow.

Explore these Youtube videos to learn more about the Tundra Biome.

FUN FACT: The word tundra comes from the Finnish word tunturi, which means "barren land".